A General Dentist Discusses the Importance of Gum Disease Treatment

gum disease Chicago, IL

Brushing and flossing your teeth consistently can help prevent gum disease and tooth loss. Gum disease, also commonly known as periodontal disease, is caused by plaque. This is a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on the teeth. The good thing is that gum disease can be successfully treated. However, it is important to seek treatment early to avoid any negative consequences.

Gum disease

Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that requires early treatment to resolve. When not treated, the inflammation can cause the gums together with the supporting bone structure to deteriorate. This often leads to gum recession and in severe cases, tooth loss. Here is a breakdown of the stages of gum disease and how it affects the gums.

Stages of gum disease

The early stage of gum disease is referred to as gingivitis. It can cause the gums to become swollen, red, and to bleed easily. But at this stage, it is still reversible. In many cases, it can be eliminated by good oral home care and a professional cleaning at the dental office.

Advanced gum disease is commonly known as periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis affects a very large percentage of adults in the United States. It can lead to the loss of bone as well as tissue that support the teeth. It usually becomes more severe over time.

If it reaches this point, the teeth will feel loose, and they usually begin moving around in the mouth. Although this form of periodontitis is very common in adults, it can occur at any age. Aggressive periodontitis is another form of periodontitis that occurs in patients who are clinically healthy. It is characterized by a rapid loss of bone and tissue.

Gum disease and other conditions

Gum disease has been associated with other health conditions like stroke or diabetes. But it is important to note that this does not mean that one disease causes the other. It just means that one condition or disease often appears at the same time as the other. But research between periodontal diseases and systemic diseases is still ongoing.


There are several habits that usually help to reduce the risk of gum disease. Exercising good oral hygiene is immensely important. Brushing after meals will help remove plaque and food particles trapped between the gums and teeth. Cleaning the tongue is also necessary since it can harbor bacteria.

Flossing removes plaque and food between the teeth and along the gumline that the toothbrush cannot reach. Using a mouthwash can help remove food particles that flossing and brushing missed. It can also help reduce plaque. Patients should ask their dentists about effective oral care products.


If detected in its early stages, gum disease can be easily treated, so you should see your dentist if you suspect you have it. If not treated, it can lead to a much more serious condition. But you should always try to reduce your risk of gum disease. This may involve brushing and flossing every day, using a mouth rinse, and scheduling regular dental visits.

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